British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Natural Gas and Responsible for Housing
News | The Premier Online | Ministries & Organizations | Job Opportunities | Main Index

MINFILE Home page  ARIS Home page  MINFILE Search page  Property File Search
Help Help
File Created: 24-Jul-1985 by BC Geological Survey (BCGS)
Last Edit:  08-Feb-2022 by Nicole Barlow (NB)

Summary Help Help

NMI 092I10,11 Cu1
BCGS Map 092I056
Status Developed Prospect NTS Map 092I10W
Latitude 050º 34' 15'' UTM 10 (NAD 83)
Longitude 120º 59' 50'' Northing 5604017
Easting 641821
Commodities Copper, Molybdenum Deposit Types L04 : Porphyry Cu +/- Mo +/- Au
Tectonic Belt Intermontane Terrane Quesnel
Capsule Geology

The Getty North (Krain) deposit is located on the lower eastern slopes of Forge Mountain, approximately 16 kilometres northwest of the community of Logan Lake.

The deposit lies on the southern boundary of an extensive area of post-mineral cover consisting of continental volcanic and interbedded sedimentary rocks of the Eocene Kamloops Group, which overlie plutonic rocks of the Upper Triassic to Lower Jurassic Guichon Creek Batholith. Mineralization occurs within quartz diorites of the Guichon variety (Highland Valley phase) of the Guichon Creek Batholith, and within younger anastomosing dikes and small stocks. The dikes and stocks resemble quartz diorites of the Bethlehem phase of the batholith. The Kamloops Group rocks cover the northern half of the mineralized zone and have protected an older oxidized cap as much as 100 metres thick.

The mineralized porphyry system occurs within a broad northwest-trending zone that also contains the Bethlehem mine (MINFILE 092ISE001), approximately 10 kilometres to the south. This broad zone is characterized by numerous subparallel, northwest-trending porphyry dikes, as well as by prominent fracture-related, but non-pervasive, chlorite-epidote-chalcopyrite±pyrite±bornite hydrothermal vein and fracture selvage assemblages. Smaller zones of pervasive chlorite-clay alteration, some containing strong chalcopyrite mineralization, occur frequently at the margins of porphyry dikes.

Mineralization and alteration are closely associated with an elongate, 1000- by 200-metre, dike-like stock, which is unroofed within a small area at the centre of the deposit. The unroofed portion appears to be an abrupt cupola-like projection that developed above the stock. To the northwest and southeast along strike, the apex of the stock plunges gently away from the high point at Krain and the lateral contacts dip approximately 70 degrees to the southwest. Fracturing, brecciation, alteration and mineralization are all most strongly developed in and around the central cupola-like core, and along the upper surface of the stock.

Well-defined zonal patterns of primary sulphide mineralization and argillic alteration have been recognized around the core area. Within the core and near the contacts of the stock, chalcopyrite-bornite assemblages are found associated with molybdenite-bearing quartz veinlets. Peripheral to this mineralization, chalcopyrite-pyrite assemblages occur in fracture stockwork fillings in which pyrite becomes more abundant outward, within both the wallrocks and the stock. Maximum total sulphide content is approximately 5 per cent and occurs in a zone approximately coincident with the outer limit of 0.1 per cent copper grades. The deposit measures 400 metres long by 300 metres wide and extends to a depth of 450 metres. In plan view, the deposit is triangular with the known apex to the southeast. The zone appears to be cut off by a fault to the northwest; the northeast and south boundaries are near vertical.

Fractures and faults are prominent. The areas of highest fracture density, which are adjacent to the stock, are also the zones of best mineralization. Sets of steeply dipping north and northeast-trending faults are dominantly post-mineralization. Kamloops Group rocks are restricted almost entirely to down-faulted blocks, where vertical offsets have been substantiated by drill data.

Associated zoned argillic alteration is pervasive and diminishes outward from sericite-clay-chlorite assemblages in the core, through clay-chlorite and chlorite assemblages in the chalcopyrite zone, to chlorite-epidote assemblages in the pyrite zone. Beyond the approximate outer limit of 0.05 per cent copper grades, argillic alteration is no longer pervasive, although propylitic (chlorite-epidote) alteration forms pronounced fracture selvage halos, which gradually diminish to fracture coatings over transition zones as much as 1000 metres wide. Disseminated calcite forms as much as 5 per cent of the more highly altered and better mineralized rocks and is believed to have greatly influenced the migration of copper at the time of oxidation (Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Special Volume 15).

The oxidized cap, which is as much as 100 metres thick, is covered by post-mineralization Kamloops Group rocks. Hypogene sulphides within this cap have been completely destroyed. In contrast, sulphides occur at surface within the southern part of the deposit, where Pleistocene glaciation has removed most of the oxidized zone. The overall average oxide copper grade is approximately 20 per cent higher than the overall average hypogene copper grade, suggesting that copper enrichment has occurred within the cap. Malachite is the most abundant copper mineral, but chrysocolla and a black waxy copper oxide of dendritic habit (neotocite? copper manganese?) are common. These minerals fill cavities previously occupied by sulphides and also form very prominent fracture coatings, some of which are botryoidal. Minor cuprite and disseminated native copper are found most commonly in the outer parts of the deposit. Chalcocite occurs in minor amounts as thin coatings on corroded grains of sulphide within a narrow zone, extending through the lower metre of oxidized rock to the upper few metres of the primary sulphide zone. Chalcocite is not sufficiently abundant to contribute appreciably to the grade of the deposit, and does not account for the slight enrichment of the oxidized zone over primary grade (Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Special Volume 15).

Unlike most copper deposits within the Guichon Creek Batholith, the Krain deposit displays a strong genetic relationship with a small stock which, in this case, intrudes Guichon quartz diorite. Texturally, the stock resembles the Bethlehem phase of the batholith and a cupola-like part of it forms a core, about which are developed strong zonal patterns of fracture intensity, sulphide and hydrothermal alteration mineralogy, and copper grade. Mineralized rocks were deeply oxidized prior to burial during the Paleogene. Despite total destruction of sulphides within a thick oxidized cap, very little secondary chalcocite enrichment resulted. Conversely, the oxidized cap itself appears to have become enriched in copper. This enrichment is interpreted to result from the reaction of available hydrothermal calcite to precipitate copper from acid solutions produced during the oxidation process. Downward migration of copper was thereby retarded and, ultimately, with continued weathering and oxidation, the oxidized zone became slightly enriched (Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Special Volume 15).

Work History

The showing was originally staked in approximately 1907 by Messrs. Novak, Johnson, Fraser and Cowans as the Keystone group of six claims and fractions. Exploration work was done in two adits at the same elevation and approximately 42 metres apart; one was driven 8.5 metres, the other 7.6 metres. In 1955, Farwest Tungsten Copper Mines Limited and Beaver Lodge Uranium Mines Limited jointly staked and optioned 21 claims and fractions in the Krain, D.W. and R.K. groups. Under the terms of the agreement, a new company, Krain Copper Ltd., was incorporated in November 1956. Exploration work was concentrated on the Krain copper claims, which were a relocation of the Keystone group. Exploration work during 1955 and 1956 included trenching, geochemical soil sampling, a magnetometer survey and 2188 metres of diamond drilling. In 1957, Kennco Explorations (Canada) Limited, optioned the property through its subsidiary Northwestern Explorations, Limited. Work, mainly on the R.K. group, included trenching, geochemical and geophysical surveying and 193 metres of diamond drilling in one hole. The option was dropped late in 1958. In 1960, Rio Tinto Canadian Exploration Limited obtained an option and carried out a geophysical survey and 161 metres of diamond drilling in one hole. In 1965, North Pacific Mines Ltd. optioned the property from Krain Copper Ltd. Work included eight diamond drill holes, totalling 2349 metres, and 17 percussion holes totalling 806 metres. Canex Aerial Exploration Ltd. held a sub-option until July 1966 and completed 1030 metres of diamond drilling in 16 holes. Krain Copper Ltd. changed its name in 1966 to Krain Copper Resources Ltd. and amalgamated with Comet Mining Corporation Ltd. in May 1966 to form Comet Krain Mining Corp. In 1967, North Pacific Mines Ltd. purchased an approximate 50 per cent interest in the company. An option was granted to the Shulman Syndicate, who carried out 1444 metres of diamond drilling in four holes to test for mineralization under the volcanic cap at the north end of the deposit. Work during 1969 was carried out under an agreement with Brameda Resources Limited and Noranda Exploration Company, Limited, and included geochemical and geophysical surveys and 293 metres of percussion drilling in seven holes. Work during 1970 included percussion drilling (1153 metres in 24 holes) in the known oxide zone to obtain samples for leaching tests. A feasibility study was also carried out. The company name, Comet Krain Mining Corp., was changed to Comet Industries Ltd in 1971. Getty Mining Pacific, Limited, a subsidiary of Getty Oil Company, Los Angeles, optioned the property in 1971. Work by Getty during 1971 and 1972 included induced polarization surveys over 27 line-kilometres, resistivity surveys over 9 line-kilometres and a geochemical survey (100 samples) over the Krain claims. Diamond drilling totalled 1390 metres in five holes in 1971 and 1972, with a further 821 metres in 1973. Percussion drilling totalled 2143 metres in 23 holes. The Getty option agreement terminated in January 1974.

In 1972, tonnage and grade estimates were made at Krain, including all areas of mineralization that could be recovered from a single 250-metre deep openpit, using a 0.3 per cent copper cut-off grade. The calculations indicated a total reserve of 14 000 000 tonnes grading 0.56 per cent copper and 0.01 per cent molybdenum. Of this total, approximately 9 100 000 tonnes, averaging 0.53 per cent copper, contain primary sulphides and 4 900 000 tonnes, grading approximately 0.64 per cent copper, contain secondary copper carbonates and oxidation products (Christie, J.S. [1976], in CIM Special Volume 15).

The ground was apparently restaked in approximately 1974 as the Getty 1- 24 and Getty A Fr., the deposit being on the Getty 1-4 and Getty A Fr. In 1975, the property was reportedly owned by John Lepinski. Percussion drilling in three holes totalling 171 metres was carried out on Getty 17 and 19, approximately 1 kilometre south of the mineralized zone. In 1976, the property was reportedly owned by Robak Industries Ltd. Work carried out by W.R. Financial Consultants Ltd. included 540 metres of percussion drilling in seven holes. TRV Minerals Corporation optioned the property from Robak Industries in May 1980. Work in the period 1978 to 1982 by TRV or its associates, W.R. Financial Consultants and New Minex Resources, included 302 metres of diamond drilling in one hole and a magnetometer survey over 90 kilometres on the Krain and adjacent Trojan properties. In 1984, Robak carried out a geochemical survey comprising 119 soil, 6 rock and 3 silt samples over the Krain property and the adjacent Transvaal property (MINFILE 092INW040) to the west.

In 1990, Gower Thompson & Associates Ltd. carried out a preliminary prospecting and stream silt sampling on the Getty #4 and Getty #3 claim groups. Rock sampling on Getty #3 assayed up to 3.05 per cent copper in a sample of shattered porphyry dyke (90-GYW-025R, Assessment Report 20232). Work by Getty Copper Corp. during the period January 1, 1993, to November 30, 1997, on the Getty North deposit included 35 927 metres of diamond drilling in 142 holes. The deposit has been systematically drilled on northeast-oriented sections established 30 metres apart. The most recent resource calculation (January 1998) yielded an estimate of 72 093 000 drill-indicated and inferred tonnes grading 0.31 per cent copper, which includes approximately 13 875 000 tonnes of oxidized material having an average grade of 0.29 per cent copper, and 44 405 000 tonnes of sulphide-copper–bearing rock having an average grade of 0.37 per cent copper. The oxidized resource includes approximately 10 034 000 tonnes having an average grade of 0.40 per cent copper. A mineable oxide reserve (SX-EW) is 5 821 000 tonnes of 0.46 per cent copper (

In 2004 and 2005, Getty Copper conducted exploratory drilling targeting a geophysical induced polarization anomaly on the North Extension of the Getty North deposit. Eight diamond drill holes, totalling at least 661 metres, were completed. The eight holes were drilled between 1 and up to 4 kilometres north of the Getty North property to test a distinct mineralized zone separate from the Getty deposit. Also in 2005, a program of geological mapping and an induced polarization survey, totalling 193.5 line-kilometres, was completed.

In August 2007, Getty Copper Inc. reported an indicated resource of 32 106 000 tonnes grading 0.454 per cent copper with an additional inferred resource of 8 250 000 tonnes grading 0.355 per cent copper for the Gerry North occurrence, using a 0.2 per cent copper cut-off grade (Parkinson, C.L. [2007-08-22]: Technical Report of the Getty North Copper Deposit).

In 2010, Getty Copper released an NI 43-101 compliant update of the probable indicated and inferred resource evaluation of the Getty North and South deposits (Assessment Report 31541):


Deposit Indicated Resources Grade

(millions of tonnes) Copper (%) Molybdenum (%)

North 69.258 0.370 0.005

South 45.148 0.377 No Data

Total 114.406 0.373 -----

Deposit Inferred Resources Grade

(millions of tonnes) Copper (%) Molybdenum (%)

North 18.166 0.271 0.005

South 23.593 0.278 No Data

Total 41.759 0.275 -----

Deposit Probable Reserves Grade

(millions of tonnes) Copper (%) Molybdenum (%)

North 49.691 0.397 0.005

South 36.870 0.405 No Data

Total 86.561 0.400 -----


In 2011, a ground magnetic survey, totalling 19.2 line-kilometres, and an induced polarization survey, totalling 23.2 line-kilometres, were completed on the area.

In 2015, Peter E. Walcott & Associates Limited completed an inversion and 3D modelling of historical induced polarization survey data to model subsurface chargeability anomalies and a regional compilation of magnetics and gravity anomalies over the Getty property.

In 2017, Peter E. Walcott & Associates completed a 16 line-kilometre induced polarization survey designed to expand previous survey areas and test thickness of volcanic cover.

In 2019, Peter E. Walcott & Associates undertook a 3D inversion of historical magnetotelluric data over the Getty North deposit and a follow up extremely low frequency survey over 33 line-kilometres throughout the historical areas, Getty South, and Glossie areas. Getty Copper Inc. collected 194 pine bark samples throughout the Getty property.

EMPR AR 1907-L136; 1917-F225; 1925-A179, A180; 1955-37; 1956-43; 1957-24; 1958-21,67; 1960-25; 1965-145,146; 1966-151; 1967-149-151; 1968-176
EMPR BULL 56; 62
EMPR EXPL 1975-E90; 1976-E102; 1979-178; 1982-208; 1984-215,216; 1996-D2; 1997-37; 1998-57-64; 2000-37; 2001-39; 2003-56; 2004-58
EMPR MER 2004-14
EMPR FIELDWORK 1974, pp. 27-34; 1983, pp. 233-239; 1984, pp. 419-425
EMPR GEM 1969-259; 1971-363-369; 1972-224; 1973-205,206
EMPR INF CIRC 1997-1, p. 27; 1999-1, pp. 8,11
EMPR MAP 30; 48; 65 (1989)
EMPR OF 1992-1
EMPR PF (Claim location maps; Christie, J.S. (1972, 1976): Krain, Highland Valley Project; Hansen, D.A. and Barr, D.A. (1959): Exploration Case History of a Disseminated Copper Deposit; Dujardin, R.A. (1967): Notes on the Krain Property; Geology maps, drill logs and drill sections; see 092ISE001, Geological maps of the Highland Valley Area, 1966; *Getty Copper Corp. 1996 Annual Report; 1997 Cordilleran Roundup abstract; Preto, V.A. and Perry, B.J. (1998): A Geological Overview and Progress Report to December 31, 1997, 12 p.; various 1997/1998 news releases and Website material; Field Geology map of Krain and area; 1996 IP Survey Compilation by Watts, Griffis and McQuat Limited; Report on the holdings of North Pacific Mines Ltd. by Allen Geological Engineering Ltd.)
EMR MIN BULL MR 223 B.C. 146
EMR MP CORPFILE (Krain Copper Resources Ltd.; Comet-Krain Mining Corp.; North Pacific Mines Ltd.; Getty Mining Pacific, Limited; New Minex Resources Ltd.; TRV Minerals Corporation)
GSC MAP 886A; 887A; 1010A; 9-1963; 1394A; 42-1989
GSC MEM 249; 262
GSC OF 165; 980; 2167, pp. 99,101; 2490
GSC P 44-20; 82-1A, pp. 293-297; 85-1A, pp. 349-358
CIM Special Volume *15, pp. 85-104, 182-185 (1976)
GCNL #91, 1976; #34(Feb.18),#50(Mar.12),#73(Apr.16),#101(May 27), #131(Jul.9), #174(Sept.10), #175(Sept.11), #206(Oct.27), #215 (Nov.7), #223(Nov.20), #226(Nov.25), 1997; #16(Jan.23),#98(May22), 1998
MIN REV Fall 1998, p. 61
N MINER *Mar.10, *Apr.18,28, 1997 (Insert); May 4, 1998
PR REL Getty Copper Corporation, Nov.27, 1996; Feb.14, Mar.10, Apr.14, June 10, July 7, Sept.3, 29, Oct.22, Nov.21, 1997; Jan.20, May 19, 1998; July 14, 1999; May23, 2002; Apr.22, 2003; Jun.7, Jul.6, Sept.9, 2004
Getty Copper Corporation Annual Reports 1996, 1998
*Preto, V.A. and Perry, B.I. (1998): Geological Overview and Progress to December 31, 1997, Getty Copper Corporation website Aug. 1998
*Parkinson, C.L. (2007-08-22): Technical Report of the Getty North Copper Deposit
Parkinson, C.L. (2009-06-09): National Instrument 43-101 Preliminary Feasibility Study Technical Report of the Getty Copper Project
Parkinson, C.L. (2010-05-03): National Instrument 43-101 Preliminary Feasibility Study Technical Report of the Getty Copper Project
The Prospector May/June 1997
STOCKWATCH May 23, 2002
EMPR PFD 568, 9451, 9452, 9453, 9454, 9455, 9456, 9457, 9458, 9459, 9897, 9898, 9899, 9900, 9901, 9902, 9903, 9904, 9905, 9906, 9907, 9908, 9909, 10174, 10175, 10176, 10177, 10178, 10179, 10180, 10181, 10182, 10183, 10184, 10185, 10186, 10187, 10188, 10189, 10190, 10191, 10192, 10193, 10194, 10195, 10197, 10198, 10199, 10200, 10201, 10202, 10203, 10204, 10205, 10206, 10207, 10208, 10209, 10210, 10211, 10212, 10213, 10214, 10215, 10216, 10217, 10218, 10219, 10220, 10221, 10222, 10223, 10224, 10225, 10226, 10227, 10228, 10229, 10230, 10231, 10232, 10233, 10234, 10235, 10236, 10237, 10238, 10239, 10240, 10241, 10242, 10243, 10244, 10245, 10246, 10247, 10248, 10249, 10250, 10251, 10252, 10253, 10254, 10255, 10256, 10258, 10259, 10260, 10261, 10262, 10263, 10264, 10265, 10266, 10267, 10268, 10269, 10270, 10271, 906931, 907090, 907250, 907251, 907856, 908199, 908264, 908330, 908331, 9977, 908518, 811441, 811443, 908732, 811559, 908939, 909028, 909052, 909127, 909128, 909129, 909157, 909194, 909195, 909320, 820319, 820323, 883291, 883292, 883293, 883294, 883295, 883296, 883297, 883298, 883299, 883300, 883301, 883303, 883304, 883305, 883306, 883307, 883308, 883309, 883310, 883311, 883312, 883313, 883314, 883315, 883316, 883317, 883318, 883319, 883320, 883321, 883323, 883324, 883325, 800591, 800592, 801734, 861983, 673568, 676576, 676577, 676578, 676579, 676580, 676581, 676582, 676583, 676584, 676588, 676589, 676590, 676675, 896248, 896314, 896315, 896318, 896324, 896331, 896332, 896333, 896334, 896335, 896336, 896369, 896414, 896428, 896440, 896627