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File Created: 24-Jul-1985 by BC Geological Survey (BCGS)
Last Edit:  11-Jun-2020 by Karl A. Flower (KAF)

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NMI 092C9 Fe1,3
Name PEARSON, BUGABOO, CONQUEROR (L.172), DANIEL (L.173), CYRUS (L.171), JENNIE (L.174) Mining Division Victoria
BCGS Map 092C068
Status Developed Prospect NTS Map 092C09W, 092C10E
Latitude 048º 39' 29'' UTM 10 (NAD 83)
Longitude 124º 30' 34'' Northing 5390550
Easting 388850
Commodities Iron, Magnetite Deposit Types K03 : Fe skarn
Tectonic Belt Insular Terrane Wrangell
Capsule Geology

The Bugaboo ore deposits are located in the head waters of Bugaboo Creek, approximately 11.5 kilometres north west of the Gordon River mouth.

The deposits consist of massive magnetite occurring within zones of pyroxene skarn formed along the contact of diorite of the Mesozoic and/or Paleozoic Westcoast Complex and a limestone roof pendant of similar age. The skarn appears to be of two phases. The first is an older garnet-epidote assemblage found only as a remnant within the massive magnetite; the second is the later pyroxene skarn that surrounds the magnetite body. Actinolite is a minor constituent in the zone of alteration.

The magnetite occurs as large, irregular massive bodies entirely surrounded by skarn. It is essentially free of impurities and has only a small percentage of included sulphides. Assays of magnetite yielded grades up to 69.2 per cent iron with 0.5 per cent sulphur (Minister of Mines Annual Report 1902, page H220). The only sulphides present are pyrite and pyrrhotite.

Locally, four magnetite orebodies or zones have been identified at surface and by drilling. These zones are referred to as the Conqueror, Daniel, Deep and Mishael occurrences.

The Conqueror orebody strikes northwest and, on the surface is divided into the "West" and "East" pipe-like orebodies. Conqueror East plunges steeply west while Conqueror West appears to dip steeply south and thus may join the East body at depth. These orebodies are surrounded by recrystallized limestone, cut by porphyry dykes, and contain inclusions of unreplaced skarn. A large mass of diorite lies 60 metres to the south. Diamond drilling, during the 2000s, indicated that the Conqueror deposit is made up of upper and lower zones, where the upper zone strikes north-westerly, and plunges steeply to the southwest, while the lower zone approximates that orientation in the upper half but then becomes an apparent contact feature between the intrusive and the limestone with a northerly steep dip, striking east-westerly. The lower zone is open at depth. Additional magnetite intersections of several drill holes form two new orebodies named Deep and Mishael. Both are below and slightly to the north of the bottom half of the lower Conqueror. The drill indicated reserves were reported to be 1,069,000 tonnes. Additional possible reserves of 1,252,000 tonnes have also been reported, of which 454,000 tonnes are probable ore. Conqueror ore averages 54.31 per cent iron and 2.21 per cent sulphur (Menzies and Nicolls, 1960).

The Daniel zone is located about 250 m northwest of the Conqueror zone. The shape of the orebody resembles a flattened cylinder with its axis oriented east of north and plunging about 20 degrees to the north. The orebody is apparently limited on all sides by extensive intrusions of dioritic and porphyritic rocks, with limestone found at depth below the ore. In 1957 through 1960, Noranda Exploration Company completed thirty drill holes, totalling 1893.4 metres, on the Daniel deposit. The drill indicated tonnage of the Daniel orebody is 1,537,000 tonnes. Additional probable ore of 508,000 tonnes raises the Daniel ore potential to 2,045,000 tonnes. The average grade of the Daniel ore is 55.67 per cent iron and 3.61 per cent sulphur (Menzies and Nicolls, 1960).

A combined total indicated, possible and probable ore in the Daniel and Conqueror ore zones of 4.4 million tonnes magnetite is calculated (Property File - Noranda Mines Report 1960, Menzies, M. and Nichols).

Work History

The Conqueror occurrence was originally staked by R. Elliot of Port Renfrew in 1898 but the claims lapsed and four of them were relocated as the Conqueror group in 1899 and Crown granted in 1905. This new group, which also covered the Daniel occurrence, was owned by Messrs. McGregor, Cathcart and Parsell. The development work, carried out during the period 1900 through 1907, consisted of two open-cuts, and a 4.3-metre long tunnel driven in solid magnetite, driven from a point 2.4 metres above Bugaboo Creek.

During 1957 through 1960, Noranda Exploration Company completed 61 drill holes, totalling 4180 metres, and dip needle and magnetometer surveys on the Daniel and Conqueror occurrences.

In 2003 through 2011, Emerald Fields Resource and Pacific Iron Ore Corporation completed various exploration projects in the area as apart of the Pearson Project. These included prospecting, diamond drilling, ground and airborne geophysical surveys, geological mapping and geochemical sampling. In 2008, 51 NQ diamond drill holes, totalling 7872.26 metres, were completed on the Bugaboo deposits (Daniel, Conqueror and David (MINFILE 092C 023) zones). Multiple layers of magnetite with significant thicknesses and grade were intersected in 33 of the 51 Bugaboo drill holes (Assessment Report 30640). In 2009 through 2011, a further 66 drill holes, totalling 20,523.7 metres, were completed to upgrade the resource.

In early 2011, Pacific Iron Ore released an updated NI43-101 compliant inferred resource for the Upper and Lower Conqueror, Daniel (MINFILE 092C 023), Deep and Mishael zones of 14.324 million tonnes grading 60 per cent magnetite, using a 20 per cent magnetite cut-off value (Assessment Report 32175).

EMPR AR 1902-219; 1905-249; *1916-275,283; 1959-140; 1960-116
EMPR FIELDWORK 1989, pp. 503-510
EMPR MAP 65 (1989)
EMPR OF 1992-1; 1992-9
EMPR PF (In 092C General File - Aeromagnetic Contour Map, Nitinat Lake Area, Noranda Mines Ltd., date unknown; Aeromagnetic map of the Bugaboo and Gordon creeks area, Noranda Mines Limited, 1957; *Menzies, M.M. and Nicolls, O.W (1960): Final Report for 1960 on the Port Renfrew Iron Property)
GSC EC GEOL *3 (1926), p. 168
GSC OF 463; 821; 1272
GSC P 72-44; 76-1A; 79-30
CANMET RPT *47, p. 11
PR REL Pacific Iron Ore Corp. Sept.23, 2008; Feb.17, 2009; Jun.18, 2009; Feb.1,2011
Owsiacki, G. (2008-03-11): Technical Report – Geological Summary Pearson Project
Stubens, T.C. (2009-06-04): Resource Estimate for the Pearson Property
Triebel, K. (2011-03-09): National Instrument 43-101 Technical Report and Resource Estimate of the Bugaboo Deposit, Pearson Project