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File Created: 24-Jul-1985 by BC Geological Survey (BCGS)
Last Edit:  04-Aug-2020 by Karl A. Flower (KAF)

Summary Help Help

NMI 082F14 Ag14
BCGS Map 082F094
Status Past Producer NTS Map 082F14E
Latitude 049º 58' 56'' UTM 11 (NAD 83)
Longitude 117º 14' 54'' Northing 5536684
Easting 482196
Commodities Silver, Lead, Zinc, Gold, Copper Deposit Types I05 : Polymetallic veins Ag-Pb-Zn+/-Au
Tectonic Belt Omineca Terrane Quesnel
Capsule Geology

The Wonderful occurrence is situated on Reverted Crown grant Lot 481 at 1280 metres elevation above sea level, on the south side of Carpenter Creek, in the Slocan Mining Division.

The Wonderful property 0.3 kilometre west of Sandon, was among the earliest locations in the area. Discovery of galena float led to ground sluicing operations in 1894 and the uncovering of a train of boulders of almost massive galena. This operation came to an end in 1896 after about 360 tonnes of ore had been recovered. Early underground development was unsatisfactory. The first workings were exploratory and apparently no definite lode was encountered. In 1915 the property was acquired by Clarence Cunningham and later, 1924, by Cunningham Mines Limited, which was responsible for most of the development on the property.

The Wonderful mine was opened by 2 levels, the "A" elevation 1282.5 metres, and the No. 1, elevation 1251.8 metres. The productive level "A" is connected by a raise with 6 interior levels at 30, 43, 61, 74, 90 and 127 metres above the adit level. Several small sub-levels were also established. These workings are now inaccessible. In 1948 the property was acquired by Silver Ridge Mining Company.

In 1948-49 an adit known as the Pearsons adit, located approximately 59 metres below "A" level and 29 metres below No. 1 level, was driven on a lode uncovered by stripping on the projection of the drift on No. 1 level. The lode was intersected 30.4 metres from the portal, and was followed to the west for 177 metres; a section of drift 42.6 metres long was detoured into the footwall to avoid bad ground.

Where first encountered the lode contained some sphalerite and galena. In 1951 a nearly vertical fissure was encountered 10.6 metres in the footwall at a point 79.2 metres west of the crosscut. In the first 30.4 metres of drift this fissure is mineralized erratically and contains as much as 0.9 metre of sphalerite, as well as local masses of galena.

The Lookout adit was started in 1946 at an elevation of 1300 metres, on the Lookout No. 2 claim. This adit was begun as a general exploratory tunnel, and was driven as a crosscut 686.4 metres at south 78 degrees west. At a point 365.7 metres from the portal a branch extends for 696.4 metres bearing about N 24 degrees W; the inner 91.4 metres of this branch is deflected nearly 200 degrees westerly. A zone consisting of 2 sub-parallel fissures 6 metres apart containing calcite and siderite was encountered about 495 metres northwest of the main crosscut.

An old adit on the Early Bird claim (082FNW229) at an elevation of about 1128 metres is entirely in quartz diorite. Workings here total about 122 metres.

A mineralized lode discovered in No. 2 ("A" adit?) was explored in 1952 by a new, No. 3 adit and a raise driven to connect the 2 levels. In the same year No. 4 adit was started and continued in 1953. About 305 metres from the portal a lode was intersected in the approximate projected position of the lode intersected in No. 3 adit. In the Period from 1953 to 1956 the property was idle except for exploratory work on a small scale. In 1956 a narrow vein was exposed by stripping close to 100 metres from the Pearson adit, and a new adit started on the showing. In 1958 this adit had reached a total length of 7.6 metres. In December of that year an agreement was entered into with Violamac Mines Limited for the development of the Silver Ridge properties. The only work recorded on this property since was the extending of the adit started in 1956, for an additional 17 metres. In 1979, G. Sipos shipped 120 tonnes from the property.

Regionally, the area lies on the western margin of the Kootenay Arc, in allochthonous rocks of the Quesnel Terrane. In the vicinity of the occurrence, the Quesnel Terrane is dominated by the Upper Triassic Slocan Group, a thick sequence of deformed and metamorphosed shale, argillite, siltstone, quartzite and minor limestone. Rocks of the Slocan Group are tightly and disharmonically folded. Early minor folds are tight to isoclinal with moderate east plunging, southeast inclined axial planes and younger folds are open, southwest plunging with subhorizontal axial planes. The sedimentary sequence has been regionally metamorphosed to lower greenschist facies.

South of the occurrence, the Slocan Group has been intruded by the Middle Jurassic Nelson intrusions which comprise at least six texturally and compositionally distinct phases ranging from diorite to lamprophyre. The most dominant phase is a medium to coarse grained potassium feldspar porphyritic granite. Several feldspar porphyritic granodiorite dikes, apparently related to the Nelson intrusions, also cut the sedimentary sequence near the occurrence (Paper 1989-5).

The Wonderful occurrence is hosted by argillite and slate of the Slocan Group. The rocks strike 165 degrees and dip 35 to 50 degrees northeast. The strata are believed to lie on the west limb of a syncline because the dip changes to southwest just east of the underground workings (Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 184). The sedimentary rocks are cut by joints that strike 060 degrees and dip steeply to the southeast. This orientation is similar to some mineralized veins exposed on the property. Several granodiorite and quartz monzonite dikes up to 15 metres wide cut the sedimentary sequence. The hostrocks are heavily pyritized close to the mineralized veins.

The Wonderful deposit occurs in a reverse sinistral (40 degrees east) fault zone that is cut and displaced by faults, subparallel to bedding, with generally sinistral but also dextral movements of up to 50 metres. The main orebody is developed be five main and three intermediate levels. The workings have a vertical range of about 180 metres below the surface. The main orebody strikes east and dips 50 to 90 degrees south. The ore occurs in a sheared and mineralized fracture that shows evidence of pre and postmineral displacement. The fissure vein is about 2 metres wide and consists of crushed wallrock cemented by quartz, calcite and siderite. The ore is brecciated and consists of fragments of galena, sphalerite and country rock with siderite. Pyrite and pyrrhotite are common and oxidation is pervasive. Minor tetrahedrite may also be present.

Past production between 1896 and 1979 yielded about 13 tonnes of silver, 1619 tonnes of lead, 1214 tonnes of zinc and 6 kilograms of gold from 28,806 tonnes mined.

During 2005 through 2014, Klondike Silver Corp. examined the area as apart of their Slocan Silver Camp property.

In 2004, trenching on the McLanders vein exposed a 0.25-metre wide galena-rich vein over 20 metres strike length. Four chip samples across the vein, over 0.2 to 0.4-metre, yielded from 3.65 to 45.22 per cent lead, 1.47 to 3.74 per cent zinc and 181 to 2042 grams per tonne silver (Höy, T. (2016-06-28): Technical Report – The Slocan Silver Camp).

Also at this time, a new vein was discovered approximately 200 metres north and down-slope of the No. 1 adit. The vein comprised mainly fine-grained and sheared galena mineralization in angular subcrop. Fifteen select samples yielded from 0.84 to 50.29 per cent lead, 7.27 to 24.91 per cent zinc and 2 to 1243 grams per tonne silver (Höy, T. (2016-06-28): Technical Report – The Slocan Silver Camp). Two holes (No. 8 and 9) were completed to trace the vein and intersected wedges of silicified argillaceous metasediments and hornblende porphyry intrusive hosting calcite veining with traces of pyrite, pyrrhotite and chalcopyrite.

In 2005, ten diamond drill holes, totalling 674.5 metres, were completed on the Wonderful occurrence area. Three shallow drill holes (05-3, 4 and 5) were completed on the McLanders vein to test the down-dip and north extensions of the vein. The holes confirmed the continuity of the vein structure intersecting sphalerite-rich material rather than galena-rich. Drilling intercepts yielded up to 5.1 grams per tonne silver, 0.2 per cent lead and 0.99 per cent zinc over 2.3 metres (1.5 metres true width) in hole 05-3 and 51.7 grams per tonne silver with 25.33 per cent zinc over 0.8 metre (0.5 metre true width) in hole 05-4 (Höy, T. (2016-06-28): Technical Report – The Slocan Silver Camp).

In 2008, underground chip sampling, over 0.12 to 0.65 metre lengths, of the Wonderful vein from a raise between Level 4 and 3 yielded values from 2.47 to 44.34 per cent zinc, 0.08 to 3.39 per cent lead and 10 to 228 grams per tonne silver (Höy, T. (2016-06-28): Technical Report – The Slocan Silver Camp).

In 2009, 10 underground diamond drill holes, totalling 635.4 metres, were completed. Drill hole DD09-06 intercepted a zone of structural distortion where at least three closely spaced veins were encountered yielding 12 grams per tonne silver, 0.16 per cent lead and 11.16 per cent zinc over a true width of 2.47 metres (Höy, T. (2016-06-28): Technical Report – The Slocan Silver Camp).

EMPR AR 1892-531; 1894-740; 1896-37,47,49,52,561; 1901-1026; 1902-
302; 1905-761; 1906-249; 1907-100; 1913-420; 1914-288,510; 1915-
121,445; 1916-197; 1917-161,189,448; 1918-166; 1919-124; *1922-198;
1923-221; 1924-195; 1925-244,246; 1926-251; 1927-275; 1929-308;
1930-248; 1935-A26,E35; 1936-E53; 1948-144; 1949-188; 1950-145;
1951-172; 1952-176; 1953-140; 1955-63; 1956-95; 1957-54; 1958-47;
1959-69; 1960-A55; 1963-77; 1964-124; 1979-130
EMPR BC METAL MM01425 (1951 data included with Sunshine); MM01465
EMPR BULL *29, pp. 122-126
EMPR EXPL 1977-E52
EMPR INDEX 3-213,218; 4-126
EMPR LMP Fiche No. 61794
EMPR PF (Underground geological plans of Wonderful mine, Cunningham
Mines Ltd., 1920; See Oregon, 082FNW044 - Geological plan of the
Pearson adit, 1946; Klondike Gold Corp. (2005): Information Brochure)
EMPR P 1989-5
EMR MP CORPFILE (Violamac Mines Limited.; Silver Ridge Mining
Company Limited)
GSC MAP 273A; 1091A; 1667; 1956-3
GSC MEM 173, p. 15; *184, pp. 163-165; 309, pp. 119,128
GSC SUM RPT 1925 Part A, p. 212
CANMET IR 670, pp. 68-71 (1925, No. 237)
GCNL #134, 1983
*Höy, T. (2016-06-28): Technical Report – The Slocan Silver Camp