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File Created: 24-Jul-1985 by BC Geological Survey (BCGS)
Last Edit:  10-Sep-2009 by George Owsiacki (GO)

Summary Help Help

BCGS Map 093H003
Status Past Producer NTS Map 093H03W
Latitude 053º 03' 38'' UTM 10 (NAD 83)
Longitude 121º 27' 39'' Northing 5880114
Easting 603146
Commodities Gold Deposit Types C01 : Surficial placers
C02 : Buried-channel placers
Tectonic Belt Omineca Terrane Barkerville
Capsule Geology

Placer gold deposits of the Quesnel Highland region, including the former rich producers of the Barkerville Camp, have accounted for a large proportion of British Columbia's alluvial gold production. With the exception of a few producers in the Wingdam area, which are underlain by Upper Triassic sediments correlative with the Nicola Group, almost all the deposits are underlain by the Upper Proterozoic to Lower Paleozoic Snowshoe Group. These rocks have been metamorphosed to greenschist facies and are predominantly metasedimentary.

Placer gold deposits in the region are generally found in relatively young Pleistocene gravels. The morphology and mineral associations of the gold suggests that it was derived locally, the most obvious sources are the numerous auriferous veins in the Downey succession of the Snowshoe Group.

One, and possibly two, old channels occur on the west side of the present Canadian Creek. Some placer gold was recovered by drifting on the old channels and some by hydraulicking. Records indicate that the placer occurrences on Canadian Creek were probably not very rich. Recorded production from 1876-95, 1901-10, and from 1936-45 totalled 6966 grams gold. Production from Canadian Creek in 1883-95, and 1906-08 was recorded under Grouse Creek (093H 008)(Bulletin 28).

Supergene leaching of gold, dispersed Tertiary deep weathering and followed by Cenozoic erosion, is the most likely explanation for the occurrence of coarse gold nuggets in Quaternary sediments (Exploration in British Columbia 1989, page 147).

EMPR AR 1879-1895-tables; 1892-526; 1899-624,628; 1900-733,734; 1901-952,961; 1902-95,118,119; 1904-48; 1905-55; 1907-40; 1908-43; 1940-91; 1942-85; 1949-242
EMPR EXPL 1989-147-169
EMPR BULL *28, pp. 21,24; 38; 47
EMPR FIELDWORK 1988, pp. 377-385; 1990, pp. 331-356; 1992, pp. 463-473
GSC MEM *149, pp. 92-95
GSC OF 844
EMPR PFD 20869, 681606