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File Created: 24-Jul-1985 by BC Geological Survey (BCGS)
Last Edit:  14-Mar-1989 by Wim S. Vanderpoll (WV)

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NMI 092L2 Au12
Name WHITE STAR, DON FR. (L.1033), WHITE STAR (L.1031), STAR FR. (L.1833), DONALDSON, GOLDPEAK, S. STAR Mining Division Alberni
BCGS Map 092L006
Status Past Producer NTS Map 092L02W
Latitude 050º 01' 24'' UTM 09 (NAD 83)
Longitude 126º 48' 30'' Northing 5543526
Easting 656988
Commodities Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, Zinc Deposit Types I06 : Cu+/-Ag quartz veins
Tectonic Belt Insular Terrane Wrangell, Plutonic Rocks
Capsule Geology

The White Star mine lies in the Zeballos gold camp, an area underlain by a Lower Jurassic Bonanza Group Island arc sequence of basaltic to rhyolitic volcanic rocks. Conformably underlying the Bonanza rocks are limestones and limy clastics of the Quatsino and Parson Bay formations, and the tholeiitic basalts of the Karmutsen Formation, all belonging to the Upper Triassic Vancouver Group. Dioritic to granodioritic Jurassic plutons of the Zeballos intrusion phase of the Island Intrusions have intruded all older rocks. The Eocene Zeballos stock, a quartz diorite phase of the Catface Intrusions, is spatially related to the areas gold-quartz veins. Bedded rocks are predominantly northwest striking, southwest dipping, and anticlinally folded about a northwest axis.

Recorded production for the camp totals 9465 kilograms gold and 4119 kilograms silver, from 652,000 tonnes of ore mined (Fieldwork 1982, page 291). Most production came from the Spud Valley (092L 013, 211) and Privateer (092L 008) deposits.

Five veins are recognized at the White Star mine, all within quartz diorite intruded by north to north-northeast striking feldspar porphyry dykes all related to the Eocene Catface Intrusions. The veins lie 300 metres east of the quartz diorite contact with calc- silicate altered tuffs of the Lower Jurassic Bonanza Group.

The veins follow shear zones that dip steeply southeast and strike approximately 040 degrees. The shear zones are up to 15 centimetres wide, the quartz veins contained in them are somewhat narrower. Diagonal gash veins, commonly filled with comb quartz, are common.

The Number One (Donaldson) vein, which with Number Two accounted for most of the mine's production, follows in part a 1.8 metre wide feldspar porphyry dyke. The veins contain moderate amounts of pyrite, galena, sphalerite, arsenopyrite and free gold in quartz gangue. Sulphide banding is common. The Numbers 3, 4, and 5 veins, located 60 metres west of the Donaldson Vein, are much narrower, averaging less than 3 centimetres.

Production between 1935 and 1942 totalled 1283 tonnes averaging 171.7 grams per tonne gold, 71.7 grams per tonne silver (Bulletin 27, page 77). Production between 1935 to 1957, includes 220,987 grams of gold, 92,531 grams of silver, 17,144 kilograms of lead with 1563 kilo- grams of copper and 30 kilograms of zinc.

Bibliography
EM EXPL 2001-23-31
EMPR AR 1935-F38,39; 1936-A37; 1937-A40; 1938-A38,F68; 1939-A41,42, 87; 1940-27,72; 1941-A27,69; 1942-A28,65; 1952-40,210; 1957-43,68
EMPR BC METAL MM00115
EMPR BULL 20-V, p. 18; *27, pp. 15,77-79
EMPR FIELDWORK 1982, p. 290; 1983, p. 219
EMPR INDEX 3-218; 4-126
EMPR P 1991-4, p. 188
EMPR PF (Claim map 1:3600; Sections and Assay Pland #1 Vein, 1:480; Sketches, #1 and #2 Vein, 1:480, 1944; Zeballos Area Geology; Geology Spud Creek, 1:3600; Report on White Star Group, B.T. O'Grady, 1939; Starr, C.C. (1940): Report on the Gold Peak Group, (approximately 3 pages); Sketch showing veins, opencuts and assays, Scale 1"=300', 1940))
EMR MP CORPFILE (Trans Ore Mines Ltd.)
GSC EC GEOL 1-1947
GSC MAP 4-1974; 255A; 1028A; 1552A
GSC MEM *204, pp. 14,15; *272, pp. 48,61
GSC OF 9; 170; 463
GSC P 38-5; 40-12, pp. 12-14; 69-1A; 70-1A; 72-44; 74-8; 79-30
GSC SUM RPT 1929A; 1932A
CIM Trans. Vol. 42, 1939, pp. 225-237; 1948, pp. 78-85; 72, pp. 116-125
N MINER Apr. 1938, pp. 39-45
Carson, D.J.T., (1968): Metallogenic Study of Vancouver Island with emphasis on the Relationship of Plutonic Rocks to Mineral Deposits, Ph.D. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa
Hudson, R. (1997): A Field Guide to Gold, Gemstone & Mineral Sites of British Columbia, Vol. 1: Vancouver Island, p. 178
Stevenson, J.S., (1938): Lode Gold Deposits of the Zeballos Area
Times Colonist, The New Islander, Feb. 8, 1998, pp. 6-7

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