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File Created: 24-Jul-1985 by BC Geological Survey (BCGS)
Last Edit:  09-Jun-2022 by Karl A. Flower (KAF)

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NMI 092L2 Au1
BCGS Map 092L006
Status Past Producer NTS Map 092L02W
Latitude 050º 01' 49'' UTM 09 (NAD 83)
Longitude 126º 49' 08'' Northing 5544276
Easting 656209
Commodities Gold, Silver, Lead, Copper, Zinc, Arsenic Deposit Types I01 : Au-quartz veins
I06 : Cu+/-Ag quartz veins
K04 : Au skarn
Tectonic Belt Insular Terrane Wrangell
Capsule Geology

The Privateer (L.1040) mine is located on the east of Spud Creek near its junction with the Zeballos River and approximately 5.5 kilometre north-northeast of the community of Zeballos.

The mine lies in the Zeballos gold camp, an area underlain by an island arc sequence of basaltic to rhyolitic volcanic rocks of the Lower Jurassic Bonanza Group. Conformably underlying the Bonanza rocks are limestones and limy clastics of the Quatsino and Parson Bay formations, and tholeiitic basalts of the Karmutsen Formation, all belonging to the Upper Triassic Vancouver Group. Dioritic to granodioritic Early-Middle Jurassic plutons of the Zeballos intrusion phase of the Island Plutonic Suite have intruded all older rocks. The Eocene Zeballos stock, a quartz diorite phase of the Tertiary Catface Intrusions, is spatially related to the area's gold-quartz veins. Bedded rocks are predominantly northwest striking, southwest dipping, and anticlinally folded about a northwest axis.

Recorded production for the camp totals 9465 kilograms of gold and 4119 kilograms of silver from 652,000 tonnes of ore mined (Fieldwork 1982, page 291). Most production came from the Spud Valley deposits (092L 211 and 092L 013) and the Privateer.

The Privateer mine, with variable production recorded between 1934 and 1975, consists of 3 roughly parallel main veins from which ore was produced, and more than 12 lesser, subsidiary veins. All veins follow shear zones. The veins are located in drag-folded andesitic tuff that is locally diopside-altered, and hosts calc- silicate skarn, consisting of a diopside-wollastonite-garnet- plagioclase-quartz-biotite assemblage interbanded with thin layers of fragmental volcanics. All rocks belong to the Bonanza Group. Intruding these rocks is a lenticular quartz diorite stock of the Tertiary Catface Intrusions which is related to the main quartz diorite intrusion of similar composition lying several hundred metres to the east. The quartz diorite is cut by granodiorite dykes up to 0.6 metre wide. Diabase dykes to 6 metres wide cut the layered rocks but not the quartz diorite. Porphyritic dacite dykes, up to 3 metres wide, cut all other rock types, but occur mostly east of the quartz diorite lens.

The three veins from which most of the production was recorded contain alternating bands of quartz and sulphides. Locally comb textures and quartz-lined vugs up to 30 centimetres are present. Where sulphides are absent, variably altered wallrock inclusions are common. Coarse ankerite is often present. The productive parts of the veins contain abundant sulphides, including, in order of abundance, pyrite, sphalerite and galena, chalcopyrite, arsenopyrite and pyrrhotite. Late calcite veinlets, overprinting the main veins, are often present.

The No. 1 vein strikes between 066 and 083 degrees, dipping 65 to 90 degrees north. The vein has been developed over a horizontal distance of 442 metres and a depth of 305 metres. Widths range from hairline to 1.2 metres, averaging 28 centimetres. Where in quartz diorite, the vein commonly passes into a sheeted zone along strike, with the vein following one or more of the joints.

The No. 2 vein lies 80 metres north of the No. 1 vein and is more or less parallel at a strike of 083 degrees and 86-degree southward dip. Development has traced the 5- to 35-centimetre-wide vein for a strike length of 207 metres and a downdip depth of 256 metres.

Both the No. 1 and 2 veins appear to pinch out to very narrow widths at their on-strike extremities, and both veins have associated narrow gash veins up to 9 metres long and striking 057 to 067 degrees.

The No. 3 vein strikes 067 degrees and branches from No. 2 vein. It has been traced underground for 70 metres. It is 5 to 10 centimetres wide and, like the No. 1 vein, has a sheeted style in quartz diorite.

The Privateer occurrence includes a number of nearby additional veins: the No. 4 and 5 veins are located 14 metres and 120 metres north of the No. 3 vein, respectively. The No. 4 vein, actually a zone of closely-spaced quartz stringers in quartz diorite, is poorly developed. The vein strikes northeast and dips vertically. The 090 degree striking No. 5 vein consists of narrow quartz stringers containing coarse carbonate but no sulphides.

An additional 11 veins were intersected in the "600 Crosscut" that leads to the Prident mine (092L 009). These veins, named A to L, are usually less than 5 centimetres wide, steeply dipping and strike northeast. The veins occur at irregular intervals over a distance of 365 metres and are weakly mineralized with combinations of calcite, pyrite, sphalerite or arsenopyrite.

Indicated and inferred reserves situated both on the Privateer and Prident (092L 009) properties total 122,470 tonnes grading 17 grams per tonne gold (Canadian Mines Handbook 1988-89, page 333).

New Privateer Mines Ltd. reopened the mine in 1983 and rehabilitated the workings. It processed about 2000 tonnes before closing in 1991.

Newmex Minerals Inc. (formerly Kilo Gold Mines Ltd.) reopened the 1100-level portal and mined a 200-tonne sample in 1998. Of this ore, 16.3 tonnes was milled (Roberts mill near Greenwood), producing a 703 gram bar. A 900-tonne bulk sample in planned for 1999.

Jacques Houle, Regional Geologist visited the area in May 2000; he reports that the Zeballos Iron mine waste pit stockpile contains about 243,000 tonnes of 5 per cent magnetite, 5 per cent garnetite and 5 per cent limestone.

In 2005, Newmex Minerals Inc. prospected the area as part of the regionally extensive Zeballos property.

In 2013, A25 Gold Producers Corp. prospected and rock sampled the area as the Pillars of Boaz claim. A dump samples (032985) assayed 95.55 grams per tonne gold and 65.3 grams per tonne silver (Assessment Report 34206).

In 2017, the area immediately west of the occurrence was prospected as the Zeballos property.

EM EXPL 1998-52; 1999-25-32; 2001-23-31
EMPR AR 1934-A28; 1936-A37; 1937-41; 1938-F68; 1939-A40,87; 1940-71; 1941-69; 1942-65; 1943-66; 1945-116; 1946-178; 1947-180; 1948-157; 1952-210; 1961-100; 1964-154; 1967-74; 1975-A92
EMPR ASS RPT 27939, *34206, 37068
EMPR BULL 20 Part V, pp. 16-20; *27, pp. 58-71; 101, p. 141
EMPR ENG INSP Fiche No. 61327-61338,61891
EMPR FIELDWORK 1982, p. 290; 1983, p. 219
EMPR MAP 65 (1989)
EMPR OF 1992-1; 1998-10
EMPR P 1991-4, p. 188
EMPR PF (Various plans of underground workings, profiles, sections and claim maps, 1939-1946; Newmex Minerals Inc. Website (Apr. 1999): Zeballos Project, 1 p.; New Privateer Mine Limited, Annual Report, Dec. 31, 1983; Department of Geological Sciences, UBC, Resource Assessment of Zeballos Mining Camp, 2000; Newmex Minerals Inc., compilation map, Oct. 2001; Regional Geologist's Letters, 2000 (May 9 & Oct.31) and 2001 (July 5); Photos, 2000; Assays, 2000; Prospectors Report 2001-13 by David Pawliuk)
EMR MP CORPFILE (New Privateer Mine Ltd.)
GSC MAP 4-1974; 255A; 1028A; 1552A
GSC MEM 204, p. 13; 272, pp. 47,61
GSC OF 9; 170; 463
GSC P 38-5; *40-12, p. 10; 69-1A; 70-1A; 72-44; 74-8; 79-30
GSC SUM RPT 1929 Part A; 1932 Part AII, pp. 29-50
CANMET IR *792 (1938), pp. 120-134
CIM Transactions Volume 42 (1939), pp. 225-237; (1948), pp. 78-85; 72, pp. 116-125
CMH 1988-1989, p. 333
GCNL #26,#96, 1972; Jun.25, 1974; #151, 1980; #163, 1981; #6,#112, 1982; #233,#251, 1983; #38,#118, 1984; #239, 1985; #38,#45,#224, 1986; #168, 1987; #108,#246, 1988; #21(Jan.30),#141(Jul.23), 1991; #33(Feb.17), 1992
IPDM Feb., 1986
N MINER Apr. 1938; Jul.5, 1979; Mar.26, 1981; Mar.10,17,Dec.8, 1986
PERS COMM J. Houle, May 2000
PR REL Newmex Minerals Inc., Apr.19, 1999
Carson, D.J.T. (1968): Metallogenic Study of Vancouver Island with emphasis on the Relationship of Plutonic Rocks to Mineral Deposits, Ph.D. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa
Hudson, R. (1997): A Field Guide to Gold, Gemstone & Mineral Sites of British Columbia, Vol. 1: Vancouver Island, pp. 177-178
Prospector Sept., 1979; May/Jun., 1986
Stevenson, J.S. (1938): Lode Gold Deposits of the Zeballos Area
Times Colonist, The New Islander, Feb. 8, 1998, pp. 6-7