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File Created: 24-Jul-1985 by BC Geological Survey (BCGS)
Last Edit:  07-May-2014 by Karl A. Flower (KAF)

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NMI 092G14 Au1
BCGS Map 092G093
Status Past Producer NTS Map 092G14W
Latitude 049º 56' 42'' UTM 10 (NAD 83)
Longitude 123º 24' 45'' Northing 5532597
Easting 470404
Commodities Gold, Silver, Copper, Zinc, Tungsten Deposit Types I01 : Au-quartz veins
I02 : Intrusion-related Au pyrrhotite veins
Tectonic Belt Coast Crystalline Terrane Plutonic Rocks, Gambier
Capsule Geology

The portal of the former Ashlu mine is located at the confluence of Roaring Creek with Ashlu Creek, 45 kilometres northwest of Squamish, British Columbia.

The Ashlu mine area is underlain by extensive areas of quartz diorite, granodiorite and diorite bodies of the Jurassic Cloudburst pluton of the Jurassic to Cretaceous Coast Plutonic Complex. This pluton has intruded into and along the margins of Lower Cretaceous Gambier Group greenstone forming the eastern boundary of a major northwest trending pendant, east of the mine site. Regionally, these pendants are composed of andesite to rhyodacite flows and pyroclastics, greenstone, argillite and minor zones of conglomerate, limestone and schist. These pendant rocks may be metamorphosed up to amphibolite grade. A major north-west trending shear zone of Cretaceous age, the Ashlu Creek shear zone, in part defines the contact of the pluton and the pendant. Forming the western contact of the pendant is the Cretaceous Squamish pluton.

All mining was done along the plane of the vein, which dips 25 to 30 degrees west, striking approximately 010 degrees. At the lowest level the vein steepens to 35 degrees. The quartz vein is situated at the hangingwall of an elongated roof pendant consisting of biotite and amphibole hornfels which strikes 015 degrees and is up to 4.6 metres in width. The hangingwall, in contact with the quartz vein, and the footwall, in contact with the pendant, are composed of biotite granodiorite. Previous to 1994, many reports stated a complex, fine grained, dark, mafic-rich rock intimately associated with the quartz was a dike. Petrographic analysis indicates it is a phyllonite produced by cataclastic deformation along a fault (Assessment Report 4036). The quartz vein varies in width from 0.2 to 3 metres. Most of the underground workings follow this vein over a strike length of 90 metres and downdip for 85 metres.

The quartz vein consists of massive to cleaved white quartz with pods, streaks and disseminations of pyrite and pyrrhotite, especially near the vein walls. Minor amounts of chalcopyrite, scheelite, sphalerite, ankerite and siderite also occur in the vein. Gold values are closely associated with the sulphide minerals.

Petrographic studies show that the gold does occur in native form of very fine size (0.01 - 0.04 millimetre) but mainly it is associated with the tellurides: tellurobismuthite, calaverite, frohbergite, hessite and altaite. The tellurides occur as small grains in euhedral pyrite adjacent to the ore zone. In 1994, several additional distinct gold associations were made. Gold occurs as: 1) large inclusions (up to 0.1 millimetre) in pyrite, 2) blebs less than 10 microns in chalcopyrite, 3) native gold up to 40 microns along fractures in quartz, 4) native gold up to 50 microns along pyrite-quartz grain boundaries and 5) native gold up to 35 microns along fractures in pyrite (Assessment Report 24036).

The mine workings consist of a 120 metre drift adit driven southerly from Ashlu Creek, raises and stopes to the surface, 2 drifts some 30 and 60 metres below the adit level, a 30 degree winze connecting the drifts and crosscutting for a total of over 300 metres of underground development.

Proven and possible reserves are 89,350 tonnes grading 8.57 grams per tonne gold and 12.34 grams per tonne silver (MDAP Stage 1 Report, 1981).

The Ashlu quartz veins were discovered in 1923 by F. Pykett and associates, who originally called the claims the Golden King group. Over 30 metres of underground development were done in 1924. By 1930, the claims were known as the Gold Coin group, owned by the Pykett estate, C. Anderson and R.V. Carson. The Ashlu Gold Mining Syndicate set up a 23 tonne per day mill at the mine site which operated intermittently from May 1937 until October 1939 when the ore was depleted. In 1947, Giant Mines & Metals explored the area as the M2-5 mineral claims. Since 1975, about 1000 metres of diamond drilling have been completed on the deposit. Osprey Mining and Explorations Limited reportedly installed a 91 tonne per day mill in 1979, but except for 36 tonnes milled in 1984 no other production was recorded. Osprey Mining and Exploration leased the property from 1979 to 1985 and carried out an extensive development program. In 1985, Tenquille Resources Ltd. acquired the property and in 1987 retained Cooke Geological Consultants to carry out underground sampling. In 1988, Valentine Gold Corp. took an option on the property. As of 1994, the former Ashlu mine is staked as the Au claim and owned by L. Demczuk. The surrounding area was restaked as the Ashlu 1 to 5 claims by 421424 B.C. Ltd. and Homegold Resources Ltd was retained to prospect and geologically map the claims. During 2009 through 2012, Ashlu Mines completed a program of rock, soil and silt sampling on the area.

EM OF 1999-3
EMPR AR 1924-242; *1925-299; 1926-332; 1927-364; *1930-310; *1935-F1;
1937-F34; 1938-F68; 1939-86
EMPR BULL 20 Part IV, p. 18
EMPR EXPL 1975-E107; 1976-E120; 1977-E120; 1978-E138; 1979-139;
1980-184; 1982-162; 1984-174; 1985-164; 1986-C195
EMPR FIELDWORK 1980, pp. 165-178
EMPR IR 1986-1, p. 112
EMPR MAP 65 (1989)
EMPR MINING 1981-1985, pp. 28,50
EMPR OF 1991-17; 1992-1, 1999-3
EMPR PF ((October 25, 1927): Assay Plan of the Golden King Mine,
Scale 1:240; Smitheringale, W.V. (July 31, 1931): Report on the
Golden King Group; (1935): Sketch Plan of Golden Coin Workings
Showing Assays Plans; O'Grady, B.T. - Resident Mining Engineer
(Dec. 1935): Correspondence regarding the Ashlu deposit; O'Grady,
B.T. - Resident Mining Engineer (Jan. 1936): Correspondence
regarding the Ashlu deposit; Richmond, A.M. - Resident Mining
Engineer (Jan. 1935): Correspondence regarding the Ashlu deposit;
Klohn Leonoff Ltd. (Dec. 16, 1981): Stage I report on the Ashlu
Gold Project for Osprey Mining and Exploration Limited; Old photos
of the mine, undated; Valentine Gold Corp., Note to shareholder,
Sept. 1988; NW Prosp, p. 48, undated; Assays, 1997; Tenquille
Resources Ltd., Block diagrams, undated; Regional Geologist's
notes, undated)
EMR MP CORPFILE (Ashloo Gold Mines Limited)
GSC MAP 42-1963; 1386A
GSC OF 611
GSC P 89-1E, pp. 177-187; 90-1E, pp. 183-195; 90-1F, pp. 95-107
CANMET RPT 763, pp. 175-181 (No. 628)
GCNL #76,#155,#161,#183,#217, 1987; #46,#93,#131, 1988
V STOCKWATCH June 12, Oct.15, 1987
Ditson, G.M. (1978): Metallogeny of the Vancouver-Hope Area,
British Columbia, unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, University of British
Placer Dome File