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File Created: 24-Jul-1985 by BC Geological Survey (BCGS)
Last Edit:  15-Aug-1996 by Keith J. Mountjoy (KJM)

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NMI 082E6 Au1
Name CARMI (L.2352), B.A. FR. (L.2357) Mining Division Greenwood
BCGS Map 082E045
Status Past Producer NTS Map 082E06E
Latitude 049º 29' 30'' UTM 11 (NAD 83)
Longitude 119º 07' 34'' Northing 5484287
Easting 346033
Commodities Gold, Silver, Zinc, Lead, Copper, Molybdenum Deposit Types I05 : Polymetallic veins Ag-Pb-Zn+/-Au
L05 : Porphyry Mo (Low F- type)
Tectonic Belt Omineca Terrane Plutonic Rocks, Harper Ranch
Capsule Geology

The Carmi past producer is located immediately south of Carmi, British Columbia, on the Carmi (Lot 2352) and B. A. Fraction (Lot 2357) Crown grants. The Crown grants lie on the west side of the West Kettle River.

The Carmi claim was first staked in 1896 by J.C. Dale. Development work initially consisted of opencuts and a shallow shaft. The claim was sold in 1900 to London, England interests, who conducted further work under Carmi Mining Co. The B.A. Fraction claim was located in the same year. The Carmi and B.A. Fraction claims were Crown granted to E.H. Thurston and associates in 1901, the same year as the first production. In 1904, a 5-stamp mill was erected and had a capacity of 20 short tons per day. In 1913, the claims were leased to A. Robinson from F. J. Finnucane. Further work was done and ore shipments made between 1913 and 1915. The mine closed briefly in 1916 and 1917. Further work was resumed by new owners and lessees in 1918 and 1919. Construction of a new oil flotation concentrator was started. In 1922, optioning interests formed Carmi Gold Mining Co. Work ceased in 1928. Canadian-American Mines Ltd. acquired the Carmi, Butcher Boy (082ESW132) and 18 other claims in 1932. The underground workings were extended between 1932 and 1933, with several ore shipments made. Canadian-American Mines Ltd. assets were taken over by Carmi Gold Mines Ltd. in 1934 and further underground development work was completed. Between 1935 and 1937, lessees J. Kerr and R. Legiest made additional ore shipments. Highland-Bell Ltd. leased the property in 1939. A small amount of development work was done and the lease given up. The former lessees resumed work and made a final ore shipment in 1940. Since this time, the Carmi and B.A. Fraction claims have been acquired by J.V. Hinks and J.A. Olinger. Options have been held by International Minerals and Chemical Corp. (Canada) Ltd in 1970 and by Husky Oil and G.V. Lloyd Exploration Ltd. in 1970 and 1971. Vestor Explorations Ltd. optioned the property in 1974. In 1981, Kelvin Energy Ltd. was owner of the Carmi claims, surrounding the Carmi occurrence. An 8-hole diamond drill program was conducted, three of which tested for the Carmi veins below the old workings.

The Carmi is hosted by granodiorite of the Jurassic Westkettle batholith and an irregular body of Permian Wallace Formation approximately 2.56 square kilometres. The Westkettle batholith varies in composition from granodiorite to quartz diorite to diorite. The granodiorite phase is medium grained, grey to pink with chlorite or occasionally biotite-altered mafics. Local epidote and minor potassic alteration also occur. The quartz diorite phase is commonly foliated and porphyritic. These phases are intruded by quartz monzonite, quartz-k-feldspar and andesitic dikes. Veins are composed of quartz, quartz and k-feldspar or quartz-calcite plus or minus pyrite. The veins are commonly associated with a clay-rich fault gouge.

The Carmi and Butcher Boy workings appear to be on the same faulted vein, following a shear zone in fine-grained granodiorite. The shear zone strikes 090 degrees and dips 45 to 60 degrees southward. It has been traced for over 549 metres strike length, despite minor fault displacement. The vein varies from 5 to 213 centimetres width. One mineralized ore shoot near the surface was reported to be 76.2 metres long.

Mineralization consists of pyrite with lesser sphalerite and galena carrying gold and silver values. Minor chalcopyrite and molybdenite are also present. The gangue is quartz and ankerite and in places intensely sericitized andesitic dike.

In 1981, two drillholes (81-6 and 7) intersected vein-hosted mineralization at deeper levels than previously worked in the Carmi mine area. The more significant intersections were from drillhole K-81-7. The 1.4-metre interval between 90.5 and 91.9 metres (Sample 2197) intersected 0.07 gram per tonne gold, 1.4 grams per tonne silver and 0.017 per cent zinc (Assessment Report 9174). Sample 2199, a 1.7-metre interval between 94.7 and 95.1 metres, intersected 1.0 gram per tonne gold, 9.1 grams per tonne silver and 0.19 per cent zinc (Assessment Report 9174).

The Carmi has produced 4780 tonnes of ore intermittently between 1901 and 1915, then annually between 1932 and 1940. Recovery included 279,585 grams of silver, 87,929 grams of gold, 3179 kilograms of lead and 7303 kilograms of zinc.

EMPR AR 1898-1119, 1900-878, 1901-1051,1058,1139,1229, 1902-176,182, 1903-168, 1904-216, 1905-183, 1906-250, 1913-154,156,162, 1914- 335,511, 1915-201, 1916-256, 1917-212, 1918-221, 1919-167,174, 1920-156, 1922-173, 1932-126, 1933-154, 1934-D10,A25,29, 1935- A25,D14,G52, 1936-D55, 1937-A36,D31, 1938-A34, 1939-77, 1940-23, 63
EMPR ASS RPT 3740, 8867, *9174
EMPR BULL 1, p. 86; 20 (1945, Part III), pp. 16-17
EMPR GEM 1970-408, 1971-386, 1972-44, 1973-50
GSC MAP 538A; 539A; 37-21; 15-1961; 1736A
GSC MEM 79, pp. 6,84,89,115,126
GSC OF 481; 637; 1505A; 1565; 1969
GSC P 37-21
GCNL (Nov.19),1975; (Jan.20), (Apr.20,22), (July 5), (Oct.19), (Dec.14), 1976; (Feb.2), 1979; #171, 1980
N MINER Sept.9, 1976; May 3, 1979