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File Created: 24-Jul-1985 by BC Geological Survey (BCGS)
Last Edit:  21-Feb-2008 by Karl A. Flower (KAF)

Summary Help Help

NMI 082E5 Mn1
BCGS Map 082E021
Status Past Producer NTS Map 082E05W
Latitude 049º 16' 31'' UTM 11 (NAD 83)
Longitude 119º 52' 31'' Northing 5462036
Easting 290869
Commodities Manganese, Rhodonite, Gemstones Deposit Types F01 : Sedimentary Mn
Q02 : Rhodonite
Tectonic Belt Intermontane Terrane Okanagan
Capsule Geology

The Dief occurrence is located at 1200 metres elevation on a western tributary of Olalla Creek, 3.5 kilometres west-northwest of Olalla, British Columbia.

Old trenches and claim posts were observed by Cockfield in 1942, indicating previous exploration activity on the property. In the spring of 1942, D.J. McRae restaked the occurrences as the Pete and Jerry claims. In late 1942, Olalla Manganese Mining Company acquired the property. The ground was restaked again in 1949 as the Iron King and 2 claims by S.J. Fairclough. The old trenches were cleaned out. The occurrence was restaked again in 1950 by T. McQuillan, as the Donny Group. The Olalla 1 to 8 claims were staked over the occurrence by W.W. Gemwinder in 1955. Olalla Mines Ltd. was then incorporated to develop the property. A 60-metre adit was driven and bulk samples were shipped for test purposes. Cominco Ltd. held the property between 1961 and 1962 as the Dief 1 and 2 claims. Property work included geological mapping and 150 metres of diamond drilling in 5 holes. Lacana Mining Corporation held the occurrence in 1986 as the OL 2 and 3 claims and a geochemical soil survey was conducted.

The Dief occurrence is underlain by the Carboniferous to Triassic Shoemaker Formation, northwest of the ultramafic to alkaline MIddle Jurassic Olalla intrusion. This intrusion has intruded a sequence of oceanic sediments and volcanics of the Carboniferous to Triassic Shoemaker and Old Tom formations. Black to green chert, light grey quartzite and minor limestone lenses comprise the dominant lithologies. The Shoemaker and Old Tom formations form a broadly folded, east-dipping sequence in the area. The Olalla intrusion consists of a magnetite-bearing pyroxenite peripheral zone to a diorite and syenite core. The pyroxenite is composed primarily of augite with lesser magnetite. Coarse grained syenite dikes occur at the contact with the peripheral pyroxenite zone.

In the vicinity of the Dief occurrence, jasper and thin to massive bedded cherts. Massive acidic to intermediate pyroclastics of the Old Tom Formation, striking northerly and dipping shallowly to the west, outcrop 300 metres to the west. Thin Bedded cherts, argillite and quartzite with fracturing and minor folding occur 457 metres to the east. Folds plunge 10 to 30 degrees towards 015 degrees.

Mineralization is hosted in a 12-metre wide conglomerate bed within a top (east) side of a massive jasper unit. Pebbles within the conglomerate are up to 4 centimetres diameter and are replaced by chert. The bed strikes 320 degrees and dips 47 degrees northeast. The Jasper bed in approximately 31 metres wide and occurs near the top of a massive light grey chert unit. To the east, the jasper bed terminates abruptly against a fault. Thin bedded, dark green tuffs and cherts containing numerous shears, faults and folds occur to the east of the fault. The western edge of the jasper unit is not well defined, but appears to consist of sporadic jasper development within massive chert.

The upper 3 to 12 metres of the jasper unit contains lenses and layers of braunite and/or composite layers of braunite, rhodochrosite up to several tens of centimetres thick. Numerous beds of hematite, 1 to 5 centimetres thick, also occur in jasper. Secondary manganese oxide commonly occurs on fracture surfaces of tuffs and cherts away from the occurrence. Primary manganese mineralization appears to be associated with massive jasper.

The hangingwall of the jasper bed has been explored for over 152 metres along strike on the claims but extends well beyond the claims to the northwest. Primary manganese mineralization is not found southeast of a small adit on the Dief No. 2 claim.

Bulk samples shipped in 1956 for testing totalled 36 tonnes from which 14,515 kilograms of manganese were recovered (National Mineral Inventory 082E5 Mn1).

EMPR AR 1949-A132; 1955-42; 1956-73; 1961-59; 1962-63,130
EMPR ASS RPT *406, 413, 14455, 17648, 19611
EMPR PF (Map of the Main Showings at the Manganese Deposit Near Olalla B.C.; Transparent Map of the Main Showings at the Manganese Deposit near Olalla B.C.; Cockfield, W.E. (1942-12-11): Olalla Creek Manganese Deposit; Cockfield, W.E. (1942): Blueprint Sketch Map of Olalla Creek Manganese Claims; Fyles, J.T. (1955-11-25): Olalla Manganese Deposit)
GSC MAP 341A; 538A; 539A; 541A; 628A; 15-1961; 1736A; 2389
GSC MEM 38; 179
GSC OF 481; 637; 1505A; 1565; 1969
GSC P 64-37, p. 20; 72-53, p. 56
The Canadian Rockhound Feb., 1966, page 9
Manganese in B.C., Sargent, H. (1956): Mexico
W MINER Vol.22, No.6, June 1949, p. 59; Vol.24, No.3, March 1951,
p. 47